Ontario G1 test

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MODULE 12: Driving at night and in bad weather

Lesson 6 with Quiz : Skids

Many drivers experience a potentially dangerous situation when they skids while driving, particularly in bad weather. 

When traction is lost, the vehicle’s wheels start to slip and cause a skid. This can lead to a loss of control. 

Module 12: Quiz 6


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ABS braking systems help to…?

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If you start to skid, you should…?

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Applying extra force to a tire makes skidding…?

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If you don’t have an ABS system, you should…?

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Skidding usually occurs as a result of…?

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Skid prevention is only possible if you understand the reasons for skidding. Skidding is caused by a variety of factors, so drivers can take preventive action if they are aware.

Adverse Weather Conditions

Skids are more likely to occur when there is bad weather. This includes rain, snow or ice. Skidding is more likely to occur when tires lose grip on wet, icy surfaces.

Excessive Speed

Skids are often caused by drivers driving too fast. Speeding up reduces drivers’ ability to respond to road changes and can increase the chance of skidding.

Sudden Maneuvers

Skidding can be caused by abrupt maneuvers such as sudden acceleration or braking. This sudden action disrupts the balance of the vehicle speed and available traction.

Insufficient Traction

Tires with worn treads or tires that are not properly inflated can reduce traction and increase the risk of a skid, particularly on surfaces that are slippery.

Differeslippery surfacesnt Types of Skids

The skids may take on different forms. Each requires a unique recovery strategy. It is important to understand the different types of skids to implement effective countermeasures.

Understeer (Front-Wheel Skid)

When the tires on the front lose grip, the car will continue to drive straight even though the steering is being applied. Understeer is often caused by entering the turn too fast or excessively braking during the turn.

Oversteer (Rear-Wheel Skid)

Understeer occurs when the rear wheels lose grip, which causes the rear of the car to move outward. Oversteering is common during aggressive acceleration or sharp turns.

Four-Wheel Skid

The four-wheeler skid occurs when all four wheels lose traction simultaneously. It can happen when you brake suddenly on slick surface or drive too fast.

Preventive Measures for Skid Avoidance

Safe driving is all about preventing skids. There are several ways to reduce this risk.

Adjust Driving Speed

Skid prevention is a matter of adjusting your driving speed according to the road conditions. The slower speeds allow for more time to react and less risk of skidding.

Keep a Safe Following Distance

It is important to maintain a safe distance between the car in front and yourself. It gives drivers time to react to changes in road or traffic conditions.

Proper Tire Maintenance

Skid prevention requires regular inspection and maintenance of tires. Make sure your tires are properly inflated and have sufficient tread depth. They should also be in good condition. It improves traction drivers and decreases the risk of skidding.

Gentle Steering and Braking

Avoid sudden steering and braking, particularly on slippery surfaces. Gent, gradual inputs will help you maintain traction while reducing the chance of overstretching the tire grip.

Techniques for Recovering from Skids

Even if you take preventive steps, for still experience skids. It is important to know how to recover effectively from skids to o make sure you maintain control of your vehicle and avoid accidents.

Remain calm and focused.

It is important to stay calm in the event of an accident. The fear of losing control can make it difficult to take good decisions. Regain control by implementing recovery techniques and of on recovering.

Steer into the Skid

If you have an understeer (skid) on the front wheels, steer in the direction that the skid is moving. Turn the steering wheel the same way the vehicle’s rear is sliding. The front wheels will regain their traction with this action and they’ll align themselves in the same direction as the vehicle is sliding.

Lift Off the Accelerator

Lifting off the accelerator in the event of an oversteer, or rear-wheel skid reduces the power going to the wheels at the back and allows them to gain traction. The action stabilizes the vehicle, preventing further sliding.

Avoid Overcorrection

Overcorrecting the steering can cause additional issues. Keep the steering steady without moving the wheel. Overcorrecting can worsen the skid and cause a loss lock-up.


Use Threshold Braking

The threshold braking technique involves putting the brakes on just under the recognizing point. The driver can maintain control of the steering while slowing the vehicle down using this technique. ABS (Antilock Braking System), which automatically modulates brake pressure, helps to achieve threshold braking.

Winter Driving Techniques

Specific winter driving techniques in snowy and icy conditions can enhance skid recovery. They include using smooth steering, avoiding abrupt stops, and gently accelerating.


Skidding while driving is a frightening experience. Understanding the cause, recognizing the type, and using recovery and prevention techniques will help you maintain control. Drivers can prevent skids by adjusting their driving speed, maintaining a safe distance behind the vehicle, and using good maintenance. Knowing how to react calmly and efficiently in the case of a slip contributes to road safety. It ensures a more comfortable and secure driving experience.