Ontario G1 test

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MODULE 12: Driving at night and in bad weather

Lesson 9 with Quiz : Ice

In ice conditions, driving presents a set of unique challenges. They require heightened alertness, caution, and flexibility. 

The presence of ice on roads can have a significant impact on vehicle control, brake performance, and safety. 

Module 12: Quiz 9


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Wet roads turn to ice at temperatures at or below…?

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Which of these areas will be first to freeze?

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Black ice often shows itself by making the road appear…?

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This article will cover the hazards of driving on ice, as well as preventive measures and tips for dealing with icy roads.

The Dangers of Driving on Ice

It is important to understand the risks associated with driving in icy conditions.

Reduced Traction

The significant loss of traction is one of the main dangers when driving on ice. The slippery surface of ice compromises the grip between tires and road accidents. Reduced traction can affect the vehicle’s ability to accelerate and decelerate, as well as maintain control when turning.

Increased Braking Distance

The braking distance of vehicles increases when there’s ice on the road. The icy surface can make it difficult to stop the vehicle quickly, even with ABS. ABS is designed to keep the wheels from locking up. The increased distance between the vehicle and its brakes increases collision risk, particularly in cases where sudden stops must be made.

Limited Steering Control

On icy roads, steering control is severely compromised. It is difficult to perform precise steering maneuvers due to the lack of traction. The vehicle may slide or skid, resulting in a potential accident and loss of control.

Black Ice

A thin, nearly invisible layer of ice that forms on the road surface is known as black ice. It can be extremely hazardous. Black ice is often not visible to drivers, which makes it a dangerous hidden danger. Even when roads appear to be clear, black ice can often be found on shaded areas, bridges, and overpasses where the temperatures are lower.

Preventive Measures for Driving on Ice

Adopting prevention measures to reduce accidents and enhance safety is essential when driving on slippery roads.

Use Winter Tires

Winter tires have been designed specifically to improve traction on ice and cold surfaces. Winter tires have tread designs and rubber compounds that are designed for cold temperatures. This provides a better grip on slippery surfaces. Winter tires are a smart investment for safer driving in the winter.

Slow Down and Increase Following Distance

Reduced speed can be a preventive measure for driving on slippery roads. A slower speed allows for more control and better reaction times. Increasing the distance between the vehicle in front and the one behind reduces collision risk. It also gives you more space to react to any unexpected situation.

Gentle Acceleration and Deceleration

On icy surfaces, applying the brakes or gas abruptly can cause skidding and a loss of control. Deceleration and acceleration are done slowly to maintain traction. This helps prevent accidents. On icy surfaces, gradual actions will help you maintain better vehicle control.


Anticipate Turns and Maneuvers

When driving on slippery roads, it is important to anticipate turns and maneuvers in advance. Avoid sudden steering changes and lane shifts, as well as reducing speed when entering a corner. This will help reduce the chances of sliding and skidding.

Avoid Cruise Control

It is not recommended to use cruise control when driving on slippery roads. Drivers can respond better to road conditions by controlling acceleration and deceleration manually. By disabling the cruise control, the driver can maintain direct control of the vehicle’s speed.

Keep a Winter Emergency Kit

It is important to prepare for the potential of getting stuck on an icy road. Winter emergency kits should be kept in your vehicle. They include blankets, food that is not perishable, water, flashlights, and other basic tools. The kit will provide you with essentials in the event of an emergency or unexpected delay.

Strategies for Navigating Icy Roads

To navigate ice roads, you need a strategy that puts safety first and reduces accidents.

Identify Icy Areas

Be aware of areas that are prone to freezing, like shaded sections and bridges. Avoid sudden movements, drive with caution, and reduce your speed when approaching these areas. By recognizing potential icy patches, drivers can adjust their driving behaviors.

Stay Informed About Weather Conditions

Keep up-to-date with current and predicted weather, particularly if you expect a storm. Plan your journey when the weather is expected to be milder. This will help you avoid icy road conditions.

Monitor Traffic Reports

Check traffic reports before you leave for a journey to get information on road closures and accidents. Drivers can plan alternate routes and make better decisions by using real-time updates.

Use Chains or Traction Devices

Tire chains and other traction devices can be used in extreme conditions of ice, such as those found in mountains. They increase tire grip and provide an additional layer of safety on slippery surfaces. Tire chains should be used according to local guidelines and regulations.

Stay Calm in Skidding Situations

Staying calm in the case of slipping or skidding on ice is essential. Overreacting is not a good idea. Avoid braking hard or turning the wheel sharply. You should instead gently steer the car in the desired direction and let off the gas pedal until you regain control.


On icy roads, drivers must be extra cautious and adhere to all safety precautions. All drivers must be aware of the risks associated with decreased traction, longer braking distances, and reduced steering control. Individuals can reduce their risk of accidents by adopting strategies and preventive measures. Winter driving demands a proactive, safety-oriented approach. This will allow drivers to safely reach their destination, despite the challenging conditions.